Further, the processes of erosion and crustal recycling have apparently destroyed all of the earliest surface.The oldest rocks which have been found so far (on the Earth) date to about 3.8 to 3.9 billion years ago (by several radiometric dating methods).Some of these rocks are sedimentary, and include minerals which are themselves as old as 4.1 to 4.2 billion years.
While these values do not compute an age for the Earth, they do establish a lower limit (the Earth must be at least as old as any formation on it).
This lower limit is at least concordant with the independently derived figure of 4.55 billion years for the Earth's actual age.
The most direct means for calculating the Earth's age is a Pb/Pb isochron age, derived from samples of the Earth and meteorites.
This involves measurement of three isotopes of lead (Pb-206, Pb-207, and either Pb-208 or Pb-204).
he generally accepted age for the Earth and the rest of the solar system is about 4.55 billion years (plus or minus about 1%).
This value is derived from several different lines of evidence.Unfortunately, the age cannot be computed directly from material that is solely from the Earth.There is evidence that energy from the Earth's accumulation caused the surface to be molten.A plot is constructed of Pb-206/Pb-204 versus Pb-207/Pb-204.If the solar system formed from a common pool of matter, which was uniformly distributed in terms of Pb isotope ratios, then the initial plots for all objects from that pool of matter would fall on a single point.Over time, the amounts of Pb-206 and Pb-207 will change in some samples, as these isotopes are decay end-products of uranium decay (U-238 decays to Pb-206, and U-235 decays to Pb-207).