Social guidance films constitute a genre of educational films attempting to guide children and adults to behave in certain ways. The films covered topics including courtesy, grammar, social etiquette and dating, personal hygiene and grooming, health and fitness, civic and moral responsibility, sexuality, child safety, national loyalty, racial and social prejudice, juvenile delinquency, drug use, and driver safety; the genre also includes films for adults, covering topics such as marriage, business etiquette, general safety, home economics, career counseling and how to balance budgets.
government as "attitude-building films" during WWII, the genre grew to be a common source of instruction in elementary and high school classrooms in the USA from the late 1940s to the early 1970s.
Social guidance films were generally produced by corporations such as Coronet Instructional Films, Centron Corporation for Young America Films, and occasionally by better-known companies such as Ford Motor Company, Encyclopædia Britannica and Crawley Films for Mc Graw-Hill Book Company.
The 1999 feature film, The Iron Giant, set in 1957, features a social guidance film-within-a-film titled, Atomic Holocaust, the style and tone of which parody 1952's Duck and Cover.
A fifth season episode of the AMC series, Mad Men, which takes place between July 1966 and August 1966, uses the title of 1959's Signal 30 as the episode title.
is a 1949 instructional film designed for American high schools, to teach adolescents basic dating skills, produced by Coronet Instructional Films and directed by Gilbert Altschul with the assistance of Reuben Hill, Research Professor of Family Life at the University of North Carolina.
Few of these films featured notable actors or celebrities, and only a few were ever produced by a major Hollywood studio, such as the films made by Walt Disney Productions and Warner Bros.
In rare instances, the films were sponsored by a major company such as Kotex or General Motors.
Ken Smith, in his seminal 1999 book on the genre, Mental Hygiene: Classroom Films 1945 - 1970, estimates that there were "around three thousand" films made that fall into the "social guidance" film genre.
While many of the films were merely instructional (like 1941's Posture and Exercise, 1949's Posture and Personality and 1952's Duck and Cover), others ended with an invitation for a classroom discussion of the topic (1956's What About Alcoholism? ), whereas others were presented as striking cautionary tales (1959's Signal 30; 1961's Seduction of the Innocent; 1967's Narcotics: Pit of Despair).
Although sometimes viewed as conservative or reactionary by today's standards, Smith points out that these films were not made by conservatives or reactionaries but instead "by some of the most liberal and progressive-minded people of their time." As films in this genre are largely in public domain, they have been used in modern productions outside of their intended purpose, usually as a means of unintentional comedy.
A number of short social guidance films, such as Posture Pals (1952) and Are You Ready for Marriage?