During the Tang dynasty (618-907), people combined the advantages of celadon from the southern Yue kiln and white porcelains from the northern Xing kiln with the high-quality earth of the Gaoling Mountain in Changnan Town to produce a kind of white and green porcelain.
This porcelain was smooth and bright, and hence earned another name of artificial jade.
This type of ware, known for its colourful decoration that covers most of the surface of the piece, was popular as an export ware.
Chinese ceramic ware shows a continuous development since imperial times and is one of the most significant forms of Chinese art and ceramics.
The first types of ceramics were made during the Palaeolithic era.
Chinese ceramic wares can also classified as being either northern or southern.
Present-day China comprises two separate and geologically different land masses, brought together by the action of continental drift and forming a junction that lies between the Yellow and Yangtze rivers.
The contrasting geology of the north and south led to differences in the raw materials available for making ceramics.
The name "china" came from the transliteration of Changnan, which was the old name for the porcelain town of today's Jingdezhen (Jingde Town).
Chinese ceramics range from construction materials such as bricks and tiles, to hand-built pottery vessels fired in bonfires or kilns, to the sophisticated Chinese porcelain wares made for the imperial court.
Porcelain is so identified with China that it is still called "china" in everyday English usage.
Most later Chinese ceramics, even of the finest quality, were made on an industrial scale, thus few names of individual potters were recorded.
Many of the most renowned workshops were owned by or reserved for the Emperor, and large quantities of ceramics were exported as diplomatic gifts or for trade from an early date.