Almost all 3-hole pipes are cylindrically bored, since a tapered bore would be difficult to construct, and would likely be destructive to the evenness of the instruments tuning.
The ratio of the bore to the sounding length is a valuable clue when looking at instruments that are incomplete.
Some of the instruments below have bore ratios noted.
One if the distinctive features of the 3-hole pipe is it’s bore.
It is very narrow compared to any other kind of cross or end-blown flute.
This is because the instrument is intended to play only in the second register and up.
The narrow bore means that the higher registers play easily at the expense of the lowest register, which is not used.
Fabre), to around 36 for the larger of the Mary Rose pipes pictured below (729 mm sounding length).
Three pipes have been recovered from the wreck of the Mary Rose, King Henry VIII’s flagship, which sank in July of 1545.
The ship has remained for the most part buried in mud, until excavation started in 1969, preserving wood and fabric in unusually good condition.
The three hole pipe is an ancient instrument, dating back to the stone age.
In historical times it has been popular throughout Europe and much of the Americas as a dance instrument since it can be played with just one hand, leaving the other hand free to play a percussion instrument – a drum, a string drone, a triangle.