Research estimates indicate that the problem affects far more students than teachers or parents are aware of.
Bullying can be perpetrated by individuals or groups.
Bullying can be defined as repeated and systematic harassment and attacks on others.
Research indicates that their self esteem is, on average, average or above average.
It appears that bullies tend to come from homes where aggressive strategies to conflict resolution is modelled, although more research needs to be done on this connection.
Victims tend to be timid and, in the case of boys, tend to be physically weaker and less skilled than bullies.
Victims tend to lack assertive responses to peer aggression, and they tend to be low on skills for making friends.They generally do not retaliate when they are picked on, so that they come to be seen as "safe" targets for bullying. Most of us can recall episodes of bullying that we or our classmates were subjected to during our school years. As with other interpersonal violence, such as dating violence, racial harassment, child abuse, and wife assault, the power imbalance is a main factor in understanding what is going on. It is a myth that bullies are insecure underneath their bravado. Sometimes bullies pick on students who are disadvantaged by being new immigrants or are from a cultural minority group. Sometimes older students bully younger ones, or upper year students bully new students. For background reading on bullying, recommended videos, and a list of books for classroom use, see the full A. A student who is stronger, more aggressive, bolder, and more confident than average typically bullies other students who are weaker, more timid, and who tend not to retaliate or act in an assertive manner.