He sits on the Superior Court of the District of Columbia and is a former chair of the Judicial Division National Conference of State Trial Judges.
Here are some examples of how victims have been ensnared into human trafficking: One noteworthy incident used a technique called crowdsourcing, that is, taking a job that had been traditionally performed by a designated agent and outsourcing it to an undefined, large group of people in the form of an open call.
In May 2010, an anti–human trafficking activist became aware of a Russian woman traveling with a female friend.
The two women had paid about $3,000 for a travel exchange program that promised a job in Washington, D. When the two women arrived in the United States, their exchange program contact changed the details and directed them to travel to New York for work as hostesses at a lounge.
The activist suspected the two women were being lured into a human-trafficking operation but was unable to convince them not to travel to New York.
Some trafficking cases start with the offender contacting the potential victims on social networking sites such as Facebook and My Space.
The techniques used by the offenders to gain trust vary widely, including expressing love and admiration of the victim, promising to make the victim a star, and providing a ticket to a new location away from the victim’s home.Another type of trafficking effort starts with an online employment search and results in an unsuspecting victim relocating from her home on the promise of an unbelievably good job.After the victim has joined the offender, various techniques are used to restrict the victim’s access to communication with home, such as imposing physical punishment unless the victim complies with the trafficker’s demands and making threats of harm and even death to the victim and her family.The activist then posted an online plea to an anti–human trafficking discussion group that led off with “Help me help my friend in D.C.” and described the situation of the two traveling women.Within minutes, discussion group members offered information and support, called human-trafficking hotlines and the Russian embassy in Washington, offered places for the women to stay, researched the travel agency and the lounge where the women were promised work, and volunteered to meet them at the bus depot.